Foot and Ankle Surgery
Here at the Yorkshire Clinic we are specialists in orthopaedic treatments; from hand, wrist and elbow surgery to foot and ankle surgery. Our treatments come in a variety of different forms from non-surgical treatments such as physiotherapy to minimally invasive surgery.
The foot is an articulately engineered, mechanical structure which comprises of thirty-three joints and twenty-six bones. The major joint of the foot is known as the ankle which itself comprises of three separate joints – giving the foot its increased flexibility.
Due to the intricate nature of the foot and ankle they are highly susceptible to injury and disease – leading to a potential need for surgery.
Foot & Ankle Surgeries Available
Bunion (Hallux Valgus)
A bunion, technically known as a hallux valgus is a deformation of the big toe. The big toe will start to lean in to the second one and a ‘bump’ will form around the joint.
There is great debate on the cause of bunions and some experts believe that ill-fitting shoes may be the origin of the problem – although many also believe that it is initially caused by genetic factors.
Non-surgical solutions of bunions include additional padding to your shoes alongside orthotics and the use of painkillers. However, if your pain is persistent after attempting non-surgical treatment then surgery may be the necessary option.
Surgery can involve realigning the large toe or the removal of bony growth - this is dependent on your individual circumstances.
Ankle Fusion (Ankle Arthrodesis)
The ankle fusion procedure is used to treat arthritis in the major bones of the ankle joint. If you suffer from osteoarthritis, the cartilage between the affected bones has become worn allowing the bones to rub together. This can prove increasingly painful and if non-surgical solutions are providing relief, you may need an ankle fusion.
An ankle fusion involves removing the affected bones surfaces and then fusing the bones together with screws. This provides immediate relief for the patient as the bones no longer “rub” together. On average it may take up to 14 weeks for the fused joint to be united.
This condition otherwise known as Morton’s Metatarsalgia normally presents in the nerve between the third and fourth toe. The nerve gets irritated and thickens as a result, causing pain.
Symptoms of this condition include a tingling in the toes, numbness in the toes and even an intense burning pain at the bottom of the foot.
Morton’s Neuroma is usually caused by putting pressure on the feet either through the use of high heels or through sports such as running.
The surgical procedure used to treat this condition is normally performed under general anaesthetic and involves increasing the space around the nerve or part removal of the nerve.
Claw, Hammer & Mallet Toes
A claw toe affects the metatarsophalangeal joint in the second, third, fourth or fifth toe. It presents as a long-lasting bending of the toe.
A mallet and hammer toe affect the second, third and fourth toes and is similar to claw toe where the distal interphalangeal and proximal interphalangeal are affected respectively.
A major cause of these conditions is the use of ill-fitting shoes forcing the affected toe into a bent position.
Surgical treatment involves the relieving of the trapped tissue and the treatment of the length of the tendon.
The most common type of arthritis is osteoarthritis –where the cartilage between bones is worn away allowing the bones to subsequently rub against each other. This painful condition can be treated surgically and involves the fixation of the affected toe joint into position to prevent “rubbing” and the damaged cartilage is then removed.
Osteoarthritis is increasingly common in the toe joints and if your symptoms have not been relieved by non-surgical solutions, surgery may be an option for you.
At the Yorkshire Clinic we specialise in first class service and care. Our specialist consultants are highly regarded in their industry and pride themselves in giving the best diagnostic care and treatment. Don’t hesitate to talk to one of our experts today.
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